Using HTTMock to mock 3rd Party APIs

- 3 mins

In the process of implementing the connected social media in API server. There was a situation where we need to mock the 3rd party API services like Google OAuth, Facebook Graph API.

The idea was simple, as suggested by @hongquan, when requests make a HTTP request to https://api.google.com/profile, for example, httmock will

The content of this response is written by us in the test case. We have to read Google documentation to write a correct fake response.

Library used

For this purpose, I used the httmock library for Python.

Steps to follow

  1. Look for response object on two requests (OAuth and profile details).
  2. Create the dummy response using the sample response object.
  3. Creating endpoints using the httpmock library.
  4. During test run, calling the specific method with HTTMock

Sample object of OAuth Response from Google is:

    {
        "access_token":"2YotnFZFEjr1zCsicMWpAA",
        "token_type":"Bearer",
        "expires_in":3600,
        "refresh_token":"tGzv3JOkF0XG5Qx2TlKWIA",
        "example_parameter":"example_value"
    }

and from the sample object of Google Profile API we needed the link of profile for our API-server:

{'link':'http://google.com/some_id'}

Creating the dummy response

Creating dummy response was easy. All I had to do is provide proper header and content in response and use urlmatch decorator

# response for getting userinfo from google
@urlmatch(netloc='https://www.googleapis.com/userinfo/v2/me')
def google_profile_mock(url, request):
    headers = {'content-type': 'application/json'}
    content = {'link':'http://google.com/some_id'}
    return response(200, content, headers, None, 5, request)

@urlmatch(netloc=r'(.*\.)?google\.com$')
def google_auth_mock(url, request):
    headers = {'content-type': 'application/json'}
    content = {
        "access_token":"2YotnFZFEjr1zCsicMWpAA",
        "token_type":"Bearer",
        "expires_in":3600,
        "refresh_token":"tGzv3JOkF0XG5Qx2TlKWIA",
        "example_parameter":"example_value"
    }
    return response(200, content, headers, None, 5, request)

So now we have the end points to mock the response. All we need to do is to use HTTMock inside the test case.

To use this setup all we need to do is:

 with HTTMock(google_auth_mock, google_profile_mock):
                 self.assertTrue('Open Event' in self.app.get('/gCallback/?state=dummy_state&code=dummy_code',
                                                           follow_redirects=True).data) 
             self.assertEqual(self.app.get('/gCallback/?state=dummy_state&code=dummy_code').status_code, 302)
             self.assertEqual(self.app.get('/gCallback/?state=dummy_state&code=dummy_code').status_code, 302)

And we were able to mock the Google APIs in our test case. Complete implementation in Fossasia API-Server can be seen Here

Piyush Agrawal

Piyush Agrawal

A lazy person on a mission to make things easy

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